NIPAH Virus IN KERALA: 5 DISTRICTS IN HIGH ALERT


Five regions of Karnataka are on high alert due to the re-emergence of the Nipah virus in neighboring Kerala. The Department of Health and Family Welfare of the State Department of Health and Human Services announced on Tuesday monitoring and monitoring of Canada’s border regions of Kerala in Dakshin, Udupi, Missouri, Kodagu and Chamarajanagar. The published guidelines focus on preparedness. Nipah Virus (NiV) is a new merger and acquisition.

WHO on Nipah virus:

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the virus can be transmitted to humans through animals (bats or pigs) or contaminated food. It can also be transmitted directly from person to person. Symptoms include acute respiratory illness and fatal encephalitis, fever, headache, cough, and sore throat. There is currently no cure or vaccine for the nipa virus in humans or animals. The most important help for people is supportive therapy.

The antiviral drug ribavirin may play a role in reducing the mortality rate of patients with encephalitis … “Additional Secretary General of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare Javayd Akhtar,” the statement said. Kerala state report should track symptoms such as fever, mental changes, etc. Condition, severe weakness, headache, shortness of breath, cough, vomiting, muscle aches, cramps, diarrhea . Encephalitis According to Data Agreeing on the need to establish a systematic monitoring system for early detection of clusters, the incidence of nipach is high. In addition, appropriate samples must be collected and dispatched with all necessary precautions.

Effects due to nipah virus:

Kerala state in southern India has rapidly intensified its efforts to contain a potential outbreak of the deadly Nipah virus, but continues to handle the largest number of coronavirus cases in India. Kerala is on high alert after a 12-year-old boy died in Kozhikode on Sunday from a rare virus. The state health secretary on Tuesday told reporters that eight major contacts tested negative. “It’s a relief that the direct contact of these eight people had negative consequences.

First discovered during an epidemic in Malaysia in the late 1990s, nipa can be transmitted through fruit bats, pigs and through human contact. There is no vaccine against this virus, which can cause rabies, seizures and vomiting. The only treatment is supportive therapy to control complications and maintain patient comfort.
According to the WHO, the mortality rate from this virus ranges from 40 to 75%, which is much more deadly than from the coronavirus. George said other samples would be tested on Tuesday and a total of 48 people would be hospitalized, including eight that tested negative. Officials will also conduct follow-up visits and identify secondary contacts.

Over the weekend, the federal government dispatched a team of experts to Kozhikode to help local authorities trace the contact. It also provides a list of recommendations, including measures to strengthen the health infrastructure and alert for additional cases. The state fought Nipah in 2018, when more than a dozen people died from the virus. This time around, concerns are exacerbated by the fact that the country with the most COVID-19 cases per day in India has won national titles in recent weeks.

The center’s medical team visited the Kozhikod area in Kerala, where a 12-year-old boy died from the Nipah virus, and collected samples of rambutan fruit in the area on Sunday. According to the government, the test can help identify the source of the infection and determine if the infection is from bats. A team from the National Center for Disease Control in Delhi is working with the boy’s family and relatives to identify animals that may come in contact with the food.

At least 18 people who had close contact with children (mainly relatives and medical workers) and 150 secondary contacts were identified and quarantined. Later, two health care workers developed Nipach’s symptoms. He also called on all parties to be extra vigilant and inform health workers as soon as possible if they have symptoms similar to those of the disease, with a mortality . It is very dangerous and precautions must be taken seriously.

In 2018, outbreaks of Nipah virus were reported in the Kozhikode and Malapuram regions of Kerala. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), Nipahvirus disease is caused by bats and can be fatal to humans and animals.

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